Three studies – from the UK, Canada and Italy were recently published in the journal Physical Review Letters and these has provided what scientists are believing is actually the fist relevant observational evidence that our universe could be a vast and complex hologram.
The idea of a holographic universe was first suggested back in the 1990s
It practically means that all the info that makes up our 3D reality (of course + time) is actually contained in a 2D surface of its boundaries.
Meet the professor of Mathematical Sciences from the University of Southampton named Kostas Skenderis. He says: “Imagine that everything you see, feel and hear in three dimensions (and your perception of time) in fact emanates from a flat two-dimensional field. The idea is similar to that of ordinary holograms where a three-dimensional image is encoded in a two-dimensional surface, such as in the hologram on a credit card. However, this time, the entire universe is encoded.”
It is like watching a 3D movie in a cinema
We are seeing all the pictures like they have width, height and most importantly – depth, but actually everything comes from a flat screen in 2D. So, the main difference in our universe is that we can actually touch objects and the projection from our ‘perspective’ seems real.
In the recent years, there is a lot of advances regarding telescopes and sensing equipment that is allowing the researchers to detect a vast amount of data that’s actually hidden in the ‘white noise’ or microwaves – left over from the moment when the universe was created.
By using this info, the crew of researchers was able to make really complex comparisons between networks of features in the data and the quantum field theory. It appears that even some of the simplest quantum filed theories is actually able to explain almost all cosmological observations of the early universe.
As professor Skenderis explains: “Holography is a huge leap forward in the way we think about the structure and creation of the universe. Einstein’s theory of general relativity explains almost everything large scale in the universe very well, but starts to unravel when examining its origins and mechanisms at quantum level. Scientists have been working for decades to combine Einstein’s theory of gravity and quantum theory. Some believe the concept of a holographic universe has the potential to reconcile the two. I hope our research takes us another step towards this.”